There is no blinking at the fact that the climate change is a looming environmental threat to contemporary world. It is a global issue which has severly jolted economic, social and many other sectors.. It is an unpredictable variation in weather patterns, oceans and topography due to natural as well as man-made. Naturally, sun’s radiation, volcanoes and sunamis are the major culprits; on the other, industrialization, deforestation and overpopulation are the man-made which further aggravate the situation.
According to the Barach H. Obama, “Climate change is no longer some far-off problem; it is happening here , it is happening now.” Rahib Ali mentioned in his article ‘The Unstable World and Current Challenges’ in the ‘Daily Notable Newspaper’ on June 27, 2020 is that the analysis of Global Climate Risk Index 2020 during the 25th Conference of Parties(COP25) in Mardid based on the impacts of climate change events and Japan, Philippines and Germany are the most affected places by climate change now-a-days.
As every issue has some causes, firstly, deforestation is the major cause of this issue. Forests store large amounts of carbon. Trees and other plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as they grow. When forests are cleared, stored carbon is released into the atmosphere, mainly as carbon dioxide that adversely affect climate. Besides this, more than 20% of Australia’s forests burned during the summer’s bushfire catastrophe.
Research published in a special edition of Nature Climate Change focused on the bushfire crisis finds that 21% of the total area covered by Australian forests – excluding Tasmania – has burnt so far in the 2019-20 bushfire season.
This antecedent further aggravate the situation of climate. Not only deforestation but also industrialization further fuel the fire. Today is the age of digitalization and modern technology which emit dangerous burnt gases to make not sustainable environment. When fossil fuels are burned, they release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which in turn trap heat in our atmosphere, making them the primary contributors to global warming and climate.
Furthermore, population explosion and their consumption further worsen the situation of climate change. The largest single threat to the ecology and biodiversity of the planet in the decades to come will be global climate disruption due to the buildup of human-generated greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Hence, population explosion gives further boost adversely to climate change.
The first and foremost consequence of this evil is on economic destruction. Where there is erratic weather, there is always deterioration of agricultural production. Agriculture sector is considered a backbone of any country’s economy. Most of the developing countries rely on this sector to make country economically great and strong. As a result, due to agricultural backwardness, climate change has ever been negative relationship with economy.
Moreover, climate change badly impact over water scarcity. On 22nd Feb 2020, Cable News Network(CNN) reported that the Colorado River, which provides water to more than 40 million people from Denver to Los Angeles has seen it’s flow dwindle by 20 per cent compared to the last century. Thus, researchers and scientists have found that climate change is mainly to blame.
In the same way, melting of ice, glaciers and ice-sheet green lands are to be impacted by climate change. As as result, Antarctica melted under it’s the hottest day on record in the history on 6th February 2020, acquired by National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA).
Health issues and mass departure are also further impacted by climate.
Climate change has raised serious concerns, it may become a daunting challenge. If mitigation policies are not adapted now, it will have a looming threat to this contemporary world.
Curtailing deforestation by enhancing planting, using environment friendly technology and increasing research in agriculture sector are the major remedial measures which can mitigate climate’s adverse affects.
Rahib Ali Rind Writes from Pakistan